History and Origin
Frederick Matthias Alexander (1869-1955), was a Shakespearean orator who developed problems losing his voice. Careful observation with multiple mirrors revealed that he needlessly stiffened his whole body in a particular habitual pattern in preparation to recite or speak. It took ten years of self-observation to successfully create a series of lessons to improve posture, increase freedom of movement, and reduce physical tension to solve his voice problem. Eventually, he fashioned a "Technique" to teach others to pass on his experience.
The Alexander Technique remains extremely popular with actors and dancers (many theater schools offer classes) but has moved into the health field. Today, students find that Alexander Technique provides many practical solutions to a wide variety of problems created initially by poor posture.